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首页> 《中国测试》期刊 >本期导读>汽车衡装置误差对称重精度的影响分析

汽车衡装置误差对称重精度的影响分析

360    2019-07-26

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作者:赖朝晖1, 杨晓翔1,2, 姚进辉3, 赖征创1,3

作者单位:1. 福州大学机械工程及自动化学院, 福建 福州 350116;
2. 泉州师范学院, 福建 泉州 362000;
3. 福建省计量科学研究院, 福建 福州 350003


关键词:动态汽车衡;误差分析;准静态分析;误差控制;动态称重


摘要:

利用准静态分析方法研究偏载对汽车衡称重精度的影响,偏载越严重,称重值越小,误差越大。柱式负荷传感器装置的初始倾斜造成传感器偏斜承载,由力的平衡关系求得的各传感器偏斜角度之和随荷载移动坚持不变。由资料力学公式计算秤台随荷载移动的变形量,表明作用在秤台上的荷载越大,上压头和传感器偏载越大。秤台倾斜装置角度超过临界角度时,利用静力学平衡原理得到倾斜角度越大,弹性体高度越大,球头半径越小,偏载越大。通过有限元软件分析柱式负荷传感器装置标高误差对各传感器支承点上压头转角随荷载移动的变更过程,结果表明标高差越大,各支承点上压头转动角度变更幅度越大,偏载越严重。当标高差过大时将处于三点支承状态,减小秤台承载刚度,秤台变形增大。最后,给出可提高秤台刚度和控制偏载的相关方法。


Analysis on influence of truck scale installation error of weighing accuracy
LAI Chaohui1, YANG Xiaoxiang1,2, YAO Jinhui3, LAI Zhengchuang1,3
1. College of Mechanical Engineering and Automation, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350116, China;
2. Quanzhou Normal University, Quanzhou 362000, China;
3. Fujian Metrology Institute, Fuzhou 350003, China
Abstract: Quasi-static analysis method was used to study the influence of eccentric load on weighing accuracy of truck scale. The more serious the eccentric load is, the smaller the weighing value is and the greater the error is. Initial tilt of the column load sensors produced eccentric load, and the sum of deflection angle of each sensor keeps constant with the load movement according to equilibrium relation of force. The deformation of scale with the motion of the load was calculated by the material mechanics formula. It shows that the larger the load on scale, the greater the eccentric load of the upper pressure head and the sensor is. When the angle of the tilt scale is more than the critical angle by the principle of static balance, the larger the tilt angle, the greater the height of the elastomer and the smaller the radius of the ball, the greater the eccentric load will be. The change process of the upper pressure head angle with the motion of the load on the support point of each sensor was analyzed by the finite element software. The result shows that the greater the elevation difference, the greater the change of the angle of the upper pressure head on each supporting point, and the more serious the eccentric load is. When the standard height difference is too large, the scale will be in the three-point supporting state, which reduces the bearing rigidity of the scale and increases the deformation of the scale. Finally, the relevant measures to improve the rigidity of the scale and to control the eccentric load were given.
Keywords: dynamic truck scale;error analysis;quasi-static analysis;error control;weighing-in-motion
2019, 45(7):108-116  收稿日期: 2018-06-20;收到修改稿日期: 2018-08-01
基金项目: 国家重大科学仪器设备开发专项(2011YQ090009)
作者简介: 赖朝晖(1989-),男,福建龙岩市人,硕士研究生,专业方向为动态称重系统的开发
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